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Senate Proceeding on Feb 13th, 2008 :: 2:17:21 to 2:28:28
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Bill Nelson

2:04:19 to 2:17:21( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Bill Nelson

Bill Nelson

2:17:13 to 2:17:21( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: these standards set in the army field manual for interrogation techniques, i urge the senators not to take this out ofhis important intelligence reauthorization bill. mr. president, i yield the floor floor. mr.

Edward Kennedy

2:17:21 to 2:17:31( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: kennedy: mr. president? the presiding officer: the senator from massachusetts. mr. kennedy: mr. president, i have 12 unanimous consent requests for committees to meet during today's session of the senate.

Edward Kennedy

2:17:21 to 2:28:28( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Edward Kennedy

Edward Kennedy

2:17:31 to 2:17:45( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: they have the approval of the majority and minority leaders. i ask consent these requests be agreed to and these requests be printed in the record. the presiding officer: without objection, so ordered.

Edward Kennedy

2:17:45 to 2:17:58( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: mr. kennedy: mr. president, the senate will soon vote on the intelligence authorization bill which contains a provision requiring all u.s. governmental agencies, including the c.i.a., to comply with the

Edward Kennedy

2:17:58 to 2:18:11( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: army's field manual prohibition on torture. this reform is urgently needed, and i commend the intelligence committee for adoption this provision. its enactment will ensure that the government uses only

Edward Kennedy

2:18:11 to 2:18:22( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: interrogation techniques that are lawful, and those provisions should be retained. in the detainee treatment act passed in 2005, congress attempted to reaffirm our commitment to the basic rights enshrined

Edward Kennedy

2:18:22 to 2:18:38( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: in the geneva convention and restore america's standing in the eyes of the world as a nation that treats detainees with dignity and respect. these rights reflect the values we cherish as a free society

Edward Kennedy

2:18:38 to 2:18:55( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: and also protects the lives of our servicemen and women. today, however, we know that the 2005 act has fallen short of our goals. by not explicitly applying the army field manual standards to all

Edward Kennedy

2:18:55 to 2:19:09( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: government agencies, we've left open a loophole that the bush administration probably drove a mack truck through. the c.i.a.'s so-called enhanced interrogation program carried out in secret sites became an international

Edward Kennedy

2:19:09 to 2:19:22( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: scandal and a profound stain on america in the eyes of the world. the administration issued an executive order last year to try to minimize the outcry, but the order failed to renounce abuses such

Edward Kennedy

2:19:22 to 2:19:36( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: as waterboarding, mocks execution, uses of attack dogs, beatings and electric shocks. the disclosure of secret opinions by the office of legal counsel gave further evidence that the administration had

Edward Kennedy

2:19:36 to 2:19:53( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: interpreted the detainee treatment act and other antitorture laws in an unacceptable, narrow manner. attorney general mukasey's refusal at his confirmation hearings to say whether waterboarding is illegal

Edward Kennedy

2:19:53 to 2:20:07( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: gave us even more reason for concern. the outrages don't end there. two months ago "the new york times" reported that in 2005, the c.i.a. had destroyed at least two videotapes documenting the use of abusive

Edward Kennedy

2:20:07 to 2:20:24( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: techniques on detainees in its custody. these videotapes have been withheld from federal courts. the 9/11 commission and congressional committees. two weeks ago, in his testimony before the senate judiciary

Edward Kennedy

2:20:24 to 2:20:36( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: committee, the attorney general flatly -- flat-out refused to consider investigating possible past acts of torture or to brief congressional committees on why he believed the c.i.a. enhanced interrogation

Edward Kennedy

2:20:36 to 2:20:52( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: program is lawful. just last week we received official confirmation that the c.i.a. had used waterboarding on three detainees. at the same time the white house made the reckless claim that waterboarding

Edward Kennedy

2:20:52 to 2:21:07( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: is legal and that the president can authorize its use under ctain circumstances.nc the white house posouition is directly contrary to the findings of courts, military tribunals and legal experts,

Edward Kennedy

2:21:07 to 2:21:26( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: that waterboarding is a violation of u.s. law and a crime against humanity. in the words of a former master instructor for u.s. navy seals, "waterboarding is slow-motion suffocation with enough time

Edward Kennedy

2:21:26 to 2:21:40( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: to contemplate the inhe have at that built of blackout -- inevitability of blackout." for the uninitiated it is hor horrifying to watch and if it goes long it can be terminal. when done right, it is controlled

Edward Kennedy

2:21:40 to 2:21:54( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: death. waterboarding has a long and brutal history. it is an ancient techniques of tyrants. in the 15th and 16th centuries it was used in the spanish inquisition. in the 19th century it was used against

Edward Kennedy

2:21:54 to 2:22:10( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: slaves in this country. in world war ii it was used against our troops by japan, and we prosecuted japanese officers for using them and sent them to years and years of jail for following that procedure.

Edward Kennedy

2:22:10 to 2:22:28( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: in the 1970's it was used against political opponents by the khmer rouge in cambodia, military dictatorships in chile and argentina. today it is being used against pro-democracy actions in burma. that's

Edward Kennedy

2:22:28 to 2:22:43( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: the company we keep when we fail to reject waterboarding. in fact, attorney general mukasey couldn't even bring himself to reject the legal reasoning behind the infamous bybee torture memo of the office

Edward Kennedy

2:22:43 to 2:22:55( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: of legal counsel which state that had physical pain amounts to torture only if it's equivalent in intensity to the pain accompanying serious physical injury such as organ failure, impairment of bodily function

Edward Kennedy

2:22:55 to 2:23:13( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: or even death. and according to that memo, anything that fell short of that standard would not be torture. this bybee memorandum, mr. president, was in effect for two and a half years before it was

Edward Kennedy

2:23:13 to 2:23:31( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: ever effectively suspended. and it was suspended then by attorney general alberto gonzales for the judiciary committee, quite frankly, in order that his nomination could be favorably considered. it included

Edward Kennedy

2:23:31 to 2:23:46( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: in the bibememorandum -- in the bybemember was a position of absolute offense by any member unless a prosecutor could prove a specific intent that the purpose of the torture was to harm the individual

Edward Kennedy

2:23:46 to 2:24:01( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: rather than gain information. so, therefore, effectively giving carte blanche any of those who would be involved in torture. and when the attorney general gonzales appeared before the judiciary

Edward Kennedy

2:24:01 to 2:24:17( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: committee and effectively repealed the bybee memoranda, he did so for the department of defense but not the central intelligence agency. even at that time clear indication of what the administration was

Edward Kennedy

2:24:17 to 2:24:30( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: intending to do with the central intelligence agency. this shouldn't be any surprise to anyone, that this has been ongoing and continuing. the c.i.a. interrogators called, according to that memo, again the

Edward Kennedy

2:24:30 to 2:24:51( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: bybe, memoranda anything that fell short of this standard would not be torture. c.i.a. called the memo their golden shield because it allowed them to use virtually any interrogation memo they wanted.

Edward Kennedy

2:24:51 to 2:25:08( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: when the memo -- this is the bybee memo -- became public its flaws became obvious. it was testified that it is his professional opinion that the by bybee memorandum is the most erroneous statute i ever

Edward Kennedy

2:25:08 to 2:25:21( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: read. the bush and those initiated and supported by republican presidents, by ronald reagan as well as democratic presidents -- this was not a partisan, series of statements about what the united states position

Edward Kennedy

2:25:21 to 2:25:31( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: historically has been. the bush administration was embarrassed into withdrawing this memo. this day no one in the administration has repudiated its contents. the torture memo continues to haunt this

Edward Kennedy

2:25:31 to 2:25:45( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: country. i've asked the attorney general several times to reject its legal reasoning, but he continues to refuse to do so. the only solution is for congress to applight army field manual's standards

Edward Kennedy

2:25:45 to 2:25:56( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: to the entire government. there has rarely, if ever, been a greater need to restore the rule of law to america's interrogation practices. the field manuals represents our best efforts to develop the most

Edward Kennedy

2:25:56 to 2:26:11( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: effective interrogation standards. the manual clearly states the use of torture is not only illegal but is also a poor technique that yields unreliable results, may damage subsequent collection

Edward Kennedy

2:26:11 to 2:26:27( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: of efforts and can induce the source to say what he thinks the interrogator wants to hear. we have on trial in the military trials six of those that are going to be tried because of the 9/11, and there is no

Edward Kennedy

2:26:27 to 2:26:39( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: question there's going to be a whole series of appeals because of the use of various techniques against those. and it may very well that some turn out that because of the violations of basic and fundamental,

Edward Kennedy

2:26:39 to 2:26:51( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: some constitutional rights, it will be in question about what the outcome is going to be with regard to those individuals. why not get it right from the start? why not get it right from the start?

Edward Kennedy

2:26:51 to 2:27:05( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: mr. president, the manual t gives our interrogators great flexibility, provides all the techniques necessary to effectively question detainees, but it makes clear that illegal and inhumane methods are prohibited.

Edward Kennedy

2:27:05 to 2:27:21( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: in a letter to our troops dated may 7, 2007, general petraeus -- general petraeus -- stated, "our experience in applying the interrogation standards laid out in the army field manual show that the techniques

Edward Kennedy

2:27:21 to 2:27:32( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: in the manual work effectively, humanely in eliciting information from detainees." applying the field manual's standards throughout our government will move us closer to repairing the damage to our

Edward Kennedy

2:27:32 to 2:27:44( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: international reputation in the wake of the abu ghraib scandal, once again commithe united states to be the world's beacon of human rights and fair treatment. it will improve the quality of intelligence-gathering,

Edward Kennedy

2:27:44 to 2:27:58( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: protect our own personnel from facing punishment, condemnation or mistreatment anywhere in the world, and will make us more -- not less -- safe. torture is a defining issue, and it's clear that under

Edward Kennedy

2:27:58 to 2:28:13( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: the bush administration, we have lost our way. by applying the field manual standards t all u.s. government interrogation, congress will bring us back from the brink, back to values, back to basic decency,

Edward Kennedy

2:28:13 to 2:28:28( Edit History Discussion )

Edward Kennedy: back to the rule of law. mr. president, i yield the floor floor. wo us mr. whitehouse: mr. president? the presiding officer: the senator from rhode island. mr. whitehouse: thank you, mr. president.

Sheldon Whitehouse

2:28:28 to 2:28:42( Edit History Discussion )

Sheldon Whitehouse: mr. president, today's debate goes to the heart of what our country is and what we wish it to be by asking this: will the united states of america condone torture? is there at america's heart a heart

Sheldon Whitehouse

2:28:28 to 2:39:46( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Sheldon Whitehouse

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