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Senate Proceeding on Apr 9th, 2008 :: 0:17:09 to 0:27:45
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Mike DeWine

0:15:06 to 0:17:09( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Mike DeWine

Mike DeWine

0:16:57 to 0:17:09( Edit History Discussion )

Mike DeWine: you for the recognition. i would like to take a few minutes, if possible, to talk about the testimony given yesterday by general petraeus and ambassador crocker regarding our progress and ourur

Lindsey Graham

0:17:09 to 0:17:27( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: challenges in iraq. i think it's important for the american people to understand and for our colleagues to understand that the surge of troops in iraq that began in the early part of last year was

Lindsey Graham

0:17:09 to 0:27:45( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Lindsey Graham

Lindsey Graham

0:17:27 to 0:17:41( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: a corrective measure, that from the fall of baghdad until january 2007, it was clear to me, senator mccain, and others that our strategy during that period of time was not working. that we had too few

Lindsey Graham

0:17:41 to 0:17:55( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: troops, that the country got into a lawless state, that political progress and economic progress was virtually nonexistent. there was a paralysis when it came to the ability to govern in baghdad.

Lindsey Graham

0:17:55 to 0:18:12( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: the economy was stalled. and violence was spreading throughout the country. to the point in 2006 that the al qaeda flag flew over parts of anbar province. so there was a moment of reckoning. the president

Lindsey Graham

0:18:12 to 0:18:25( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: had a decision to make after the republican losses in 2006, in november, it was widely held that the reason republicans lost in the midterm elections was because of iraq policy. and secretary

Lindsey Graham

0:18:25 to 0:18:35( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: rumsfeld resigned and the president had a choice. one of the choices would have been to adapt a -- adopt a strategy of withdrarawing at a faster rate, the theory being to put pressure on the iraqi

Lindsey Graham

0:18:35 to 0:18:50( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: military and government to perform better because they were not doing well because they were relying too much upon us. the other theory was that the security environment is so out of control and

Lindsey Graham

0:18:50 to 0:19:01( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: so tenuous that you'll never have military, political, or economic progress until y ou get better control over security. well, the surge argument advocated primarily by senator mccain and lieberman

Lindsey Graham

0:19:01 to 0:19:16( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: and a few others, won the day by the president. so it was clear we needed to change strategy at the end of 2006, and we did. there's a debate still ongoing about whether or not that was correct --

Lindsey Graham

0:19:16 to 0:19:31( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: that was the correct choice. to evaluate fairly the testimony of ambassador crocker and general petraeus, i think one would have to look at what has happened from january 2007 all the way up to

Lindsey Graham

0:19:31 to 0:19:41( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: the day and play it out to 2008. during that period of time, what happened? there was a surge of combat forces into iraq of 30,000 additional combat troops. the security argument prevailed over the

Lindsey Graham

0:19:41 to 0:19:53( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: withdrawal argument. the troops were deployed in a significantly different way. not only was there more of the troops, which was a requirement, general petraeus came up with a new strategy. he

Lindsey Graham

0:19:53 to 0:20:07( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: got the troops out into the communities in joint security stations where american soldiers served with iraqi soldiers and policemen within the community. and that built a sense of confidential we

Lindsey Graham

0:20:07 to 0:20:20( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: have not seen before. at the end of 2006, something very startling happened in anbar province. sheikh satr, one of the young sheikh s in the anbar sunni region, after his family was murdered, part

Lindsey Graham

0:20:20 to 0:20:34( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: of his family was murdered by al qaeda, came to an american colonel and said, you know, we've had it. we want to fight with you. we want these guys out of anbar. we do not want to be dominated by

Lindsey Graham

0:20:34 to 0:20:47( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: al qaeda and iraq, their sympathizers and bin laden agents. the commander seized the moment and put a couple of tanks around the guy's house. from that, action by the colonel and the addition of

Lindsey Graham

0:20:47 to 0:21:01( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: combat forces, anbar province is a completely different place. if you ask me what is the most successful event of all within the surge period of time, i would argue it's the uprising in anbar province

Lindsey Graham

0:21:01 to 0:21:15( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: by iraqi sunni arabs against the al qda presence in anbar, that they have reap skwrebgted the al qaeda --a rejected the al qaeda agenda. they joined forces with the coalition forces, with the american

Lindsey Graham

0:21:15 to 0:21:34( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: force, and we've literally delivered a punching blow in al qaeda -- to al qaeda in anbar province to the point that mahdi and fallujahlu are some of the safest places in iraq. for the american public to

Lindsey Graham

0:21:34 to 0:21:46( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: really grasp what's going on here, i think you have to understand this one fact. that when muslims, arab muslim people say no to al qaeda, we'll fight bin laden, his agents and sympathizers, that

Lindsey Graham

0:21:46 to 0:22:02( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: is a good day for america. and that's what the war is going to be about eventually in terms of of how we win. it it's the people in the mideast turn on al qaeda and they say no and they shoulder

Lindsey Graham

0:22:02 to 0:22:15( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: the burden of fighting and they create a community in place of al qaeda's agenda that is more tolerant, more open, that will allow the shias andhi the kurds to live in peace, that will not try to

Lindsey Graham

0:22:15 to 0:22:28( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: pass on the al qaeda philosophy and agenda on everybody surrounding the region. this is really incredibly good news that from the surge, increased combat capability and the overplaying of al qaeda's hand

Lindsey Graham

0:22:28 to 0:22:43( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: in anbar -- and they were incredibly vicious to the people. i've been to iraq 11 times, and the storiesto that come out of anbar province while al qaeda dominated the region are heartbreaking and

Lindsey Graham

0:22:43 to 0:22:58( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: bone-chilling. now we have in april of 2008 a completely changed anbar province where we have over 90,000 iraqis called the sons of iraq patrolling their communities at night and during the day

Lindsey Graham

0:22:58 to 0:23:15( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: to make sure that al qaeda does not come back. iraq is a changed be place in many ways. if you had to list the winners and losers of the surge, i would argue the biggest loser of all is the al qaeda

Lindsey Graham

0:23:15 to 0:23:25( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: presence in iraq. and any time al qaeda's is losing, we're winning. now what else h happened in that period of time? the economic progress in iraq is real, is fundamentally different than it was before the

Lindsey Graham

0:23:25 to 0:23:42( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: surge. and the reason i think we've had economic progress in iraq is because with better security, you can engage in commerce. it's very hard to run an economy when you're afraid to go to work. it's

Lindsey Graham

0:23:42 to 0:24:02( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: very hard to build a society when your children can't go to school. well, the g.d.p. growth in iraq is about 7%. inflation before the surge was at 66%. now it's close to 12% and dropping. oil production

Lindsey Graham

0:24:02 to 0:24:14( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: is up by 50%. electricity demand is up by 25%. and we have economic progress in iraq that is showing signs of a vibrant country moving toward normalcy. we had a budget passed in baghdad by the iraqi

Lindsey Graham

0:24:14 to 0:24:28( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: parliament where sunni, shia, and kurds took the $48 billion of revenue that the central government has under their authority and shared it with each and every province in each and every group

Lindsey Graham

0:24:28 to 0:24:41( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: within iraq. now, what does that mean? i think most political leaders in washington will tell you money is political power. you know, our minority status as republicans, the democrat majority gives

Lindsey Graham

0:24:41 to 0:24:54( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: us an allocation to run our staffs and to participate in committee activity. we share the resources of running the senate. we sit down among ourselves. republicans get this, democrats get that. that

Lindsey Graham

0:24:54 to 0:25:08( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: is a recognition that we may disagree, but we all have a vibrant role and we need resources to participate in democracy. the fact that the sunni, shia, and kurds were able to come together and allocate

Lindsey Graham

0:25:08 to 0:25:23( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: resources owned by the country as a a whole to each and every group is a major step forward, would not have happened a year and a half ago. it is a buy-in by every group that iraq is a separate country

Lindsey Graham

0:25:23 to 0:25:34( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: with a common identity. and when you can get all three groups giving the resources of the country to each other, that is a buy-in to one iraq. but there's more than that hain the last year and a half.

Lindsey Graham

0:25:34 to 0:25:48( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: an amnesty law was passed about 90 days ago. what does that mean? there are thousands of people in jail in iraq, mostly sunnis, that weree captured as part of the surge, and some before that ef were

Lindsey Graham

0:25:48 to 0:26:01( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: taking up arms against the central government. these sunnis in jail did not want to participate in democracy. they ran the show under saddam u hussein. even though they were a minority in iraq, when

Lindsey Graham

0:26:01 to 0:26:16( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: saddam was in power they ran the show. so they did not buy into democracy. they boycotted the 2005 election. as a matter of fact, they had an uprising using violence to get their way, to topple

Lindsey Graham

0:26:16 to 0:26:30( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: the government. and they landed in jail. one thing history will tell you and teach you if you follow it closely, there will never be a reconciliation of a country that's divided ethnically or politically

Lindsey Graham

0:26:30 to 0:26:43( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: until there is a level of forgiveness. reconciliation is a word. it means nothing without action. so the amnesty law was passed by the shias, the kurds, and the sunnis, and it gave the people in

Lindsey Graham

0:26:43 to 0:26:57( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: jail who were captured as part of the sunni insurgency a chance to be released and start over again. there have been 24,000 applications to be released from jail under the amnesty law. 17,000, i've been

Lindsey Graham

0:26:57 to 0:27:11( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: told, have been granted. so that is a statement by the shias and the kurds who are on the receiving end of the violence of the people in jail, saying go back home. let's start over as a new country.

Lindsey Graham

0:27:11 to 0:27:26( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: that, to me, is an act of forgiveness that is a precondition to reconciliation, and it would not have happened if there had not been a surge in the reduction of sectarian violence. so, -- mr.

Lindsey Graham

0:27:26 to 0:27:45( Edit History Discussion )

Lindsey Graham: kyl: mr. president? mr. graham: my good friend from -- the presiding officer: the republican whip. mr. kyl: i wonder if i might interrupt the senator from south tar carr to ask a couple of questions. mr.

Jon Kyl

0:27:45 to 0:28:04( Edit History Discussion )

Jon Kyl: president, i think the senator from south carolina makes an exceedingly important point here, and that is that our theory which was that the muslim world itself had to reject this virulent militant islamist

Jon Kyl

0:27:45 to 0:29:43( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Jon Kyl

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