Metavid

Video archive of the US Congress

Senate Proceeding 04-21-09 on Apr 21st, 2009 :: 1:30:20 to 1:44:30
Total video length: 3 hours 50 minutes Stream Tools: Stream Overview | Edit Time

Note: MetaVid video transcripts may contain inaccuracies, help us build a more perfect archive

Download OptionsEmbed Video

Views:172 Duration: 0:14:10 Discussion

Previous speech: Next speech:

James Webb

1:30:07 to 1:30:27( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: we don't reward the north koreans, we don't become their supporter like the soviets were, we don't continu this practice, much of which chris hill negotiat i yield the

James Webb

1:30:20 to 1:44:30( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: James Webb

James Webb

1:30:28 to 1:30:49( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: a senator: mr. president? the presiding officer: the senator from virginia. senator webb: mr. president, i would like to add my voice of support for the nominee, chris hill. i've had the pleasure of working with him extensively in his current assignment both in my role as a member of the armed services committee and also as

James Webb

1:30:50 to 1:31:10( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: the senate foreign relations committee. i think he is a uniquely qualified individual. he has a long history of success. and if anything, in the current debate, i believe he is perhaps being victimized by the fact

James Webb

1:31:11 to 1:31:33( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: that he is a loy was carrying out with great expertise the charges that have been given to him, as someone who has a career in that area. the numbers are pretty clear. he's going to get at least 70 votes.

James Webb

1:31:34 to 1:31:59( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: i think it's time for us to end this debate and have the vote and get chris hill on his way. i respect the senator from kansas. i respect his concerns. he's been a great champion in terms of human rights. i would just suggest that this is not the place to continue this sort

James Webb

1:32:01 to 1:32:22( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: situation in iraq is filled with unknowns as it is, and our need of getting someone that have his type of qualifications to do this job. chris hill nomination is no more the place to have this debate than it was the ambassador to

James Webb

1:32:23 to 1:32:45( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: south korea was also held up. i think the points have been made. i think all of us understand them and we nee this. mr. president, i would like to take little bit about an individual for whom i have great admation who passed away without much comment from this body last month.

James Webb

1:32:46 to 1:33:07( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: john most eminent black historian in america, and even that doesn't do justice to john hope franklin, one of the most eminent historians in our country who happened to be of african-american descent. i make these comments as someone who spent a good deal as a writer and dedicated to

James Webb

1:33:08 to 1:33:30( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: examing american also i make them in the spirit that our attorney general offered when he sd maybe we should have a little more courage when we're talking about is it's interesting to take a look at the paper this morning and

James Webb

1:33:31 to 1:33:51( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: see the pulitzer pzes that were awarded this year. the pulitzer prize for history being awarded to annette gordon reid for a book about the hemmings of monticello, an american family which ties in

James Webb

1:33:52 to 1:34:14( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: the continuing saga of thomas jefferson. and for general nonfiction, a book entitled "slavery by another name: of black americans fm the civil war to world war ii" by douglas a. blackman, which is a, another examination of the situation of black america in

James Webb

1:34:15 to 1:34:35( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: the american south. those are both important contributions to our understanding of american history. and when i look at john hope franklin who died at the age of 94 last month and the contributions that he made and

James Webb

1:34:36 to 1:34:57( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: the up and basically conquered through his successes, i look at an individual who had a lot of impact on me when he was a young man trying to put the history of the america south into some context. because john hope franklin had

James Webb

1:34:58 to 1:35:19( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: the courage to not only address black history, but to place it into the context of history. not to deal with it as a separate issue. mr. president, there's a very fine obituary that was written in "the economist" april 4

James Webb

1:35:20 to 1:35:41( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: edition which outlined a lot of the high points and the challenges of john hope franklin's life. and i would ask that at the end of my remarks, this obituary be inserted in the record. the presiding officer: without objection, so ordered. senator webb: i'm going to hit a couple of points from this obituary, then i want to talk

James Webb

1:35:42 to 1:36:03( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: about the american south as john hope franklin understood it and where we are today, white and black. john hope franklin grew up in oklahoma. mr. webb:. his father moved to oklahoma when he was six years old to practice law. he had his own challenges in

James Webb

1:36:04 to 1:36:25( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: that environment, during the jim-crow laws. he then went to fisk university, was an outstanding scholar, got a doctorate at harvard. he became the first african-american to head an all-white history department at brooklyn college. he later taught at the university of chicago. as "the economist" pointed

James Webb

1:36:26 to 1:36:47( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: out --nd i'm quoting -- "unlike many after him, he did not see black history as an independent discipline and never taught a formal course on it. what he was doing was revising american history as a whole. his books, especially from slavery to freedom, which was first published in 1947, offered

James Webb

1:36:48 to 1:37:10( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: americans their first complete view of themselves. when i was at georgetown law center after i left the marine corps and was studying on my own sort of as an avocati

James Webb

1:37:11 to 1:37:33( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: centric patterns in america, i was confronted by people who did not really understand the american south, who did not understand that in truth the american south has never been white against black, even during its worst times. it was more a three-tiered than two-tiered society. it was a small veneer of white

James Webb

1:37:34 to 1:37:56( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: aries tow crats in many ways -- aries tow crates in many ways mapulating. i started reading john hope franklin's classic book "from slavery to freedom" and i saw he was an intellectually honest observer, a passionate observer of true history. and he commented in this book

James Webb

1:37:57 to 1:38:19( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: that in 1960 -- excuse me. in 1860, at the height of slavery, right before the civil war began, region-wide, less than 5% of the whites in the south owned slaves. and if you think about what the american perception is on the issue of whites and slavery, you

James Webb

1:38:20 to 1:38:40( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: will realize what an astounding statistic that happens to be. he went on to say -- this is a quote -- "that fully three-fourths of the white people in the south had neither slaves nor immediate economic interest in slavery or the plantation system." contrary to a lot of rhetoric today and a lot of misunderstanding, john hope

James Webb

1:38:41 to 1:39:01( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: franklin was giving an actual context that in the south fully 75% of the whites living alongside of blacks during the civil war and afterwards had never benefited from slavery or had never participated in it as an economic institution.

James Webb

1:39:02 to 1:39:22( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: the aftermath of the civil war was a very difficult time for the american south, white and black. as i wrote in my book "born fighting," between the end ft civil war and the -- end of the civil war and the beginning of world war ii, the south was

James Webb

1:39:23 to 1:39:43( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: basically an owned place. it was a colonized place. in fact, it was colonized doubly. it was colonized from the outside, an entire region being owned from the outside in its basic infrastructure, its banking systems, its schools not

James Webb

1:39:44 to 1:40:05( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: properly funded. and it was also colonized from the inside. this is the area that we see so many historians commenting on even today, and that is that the planter society, before the civil war, becamin many ways this aristocracy that kept white

James Webb

1:40:06 to 1:40:28( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: and black down at the same time. it's taken us a very long time to get past that. in 1937, president roosevelt published probably the most comprehensive document on the economic conditions of the american south that has ever been written.

James Webb

1:40:29 to 1:40:49( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: he pointed out in his document that in 1937, the educational base of the south had been decimated, white and black. illiteracy in the south was five times as high in the north central states and more than double the rate of new england and the middle atlantic states.

James Webb

1:40:50 to 1:41:11( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: the total endowments of all the colleges and universities in the south were less than the combined endowments of harvard and yale the south was being required to educate one-third of the nation's children with one-sixth of the nation's school revenues. the richest state in the south

James Webb

1:41:12 to 1:41:33( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: in 1937 ranked lower in per capita income than the poorest state outside the region. in 1937, the average annual income in the south was only $314 while the rest of the country averaged more than $600. and this report pointed out importantly -- this is a quote.

James Webb

1:41:34 to 1:41:55( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: i'm using the terms of the time. "whites and negroes have suffered alike. of the 1.8 million tenant families in the region, about 66% are white. the south population at the time was 71% white. half of the sharecroppers are white living under conditions

James Webb

1:41:56 to 1:42:18( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: almost identical with those of negro sharecroppers." the region had 28% of the country's population in had 11% of the nation's deposits. so, this was a region all the way into world war ii where you

James Webb

1:42:19 to 1:42:40( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: had legal separation which we were able to overcome through the civil rights movement and through a lot of very, very courageous people, john hope franklin among them. but once you get past the legal restrictions, the economic conditions among the preponderance of the population were basically the same. and this has provided downstream

James Webb

1:42:41 to 1:43:02( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: implications for both african-americans and people of european descent in the american south. when i was in law school in 1974, the national opinion research center at the university of chicago did a study on white ethnic groups, broke them down by 17 different criteria. white baptists, which basically

James Webb

1:43:03 to 1:43:24( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: are a population that has descended out of the american south through the scotch-irish migration of which i wrote in "born fighting" -- averaged 10.7 years of education. blacks nationwide averaged 10.6 years of education. so, the point to be made is that

James Webb

1:43:25 to 1:43:48( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: for both of these groups, with a very common heritage, once we set disparities that tormented the south for so long, have very similar challenges in terms of breakingown generational cycles.

James Webb

1:43:49 to 1:44:11( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: in the obituary from "the economist," that was written about john hope franklin, this point was made: "militancy was not in his nature. he was too scrupulous a historian for that and too courteous a man. asked whether he hated the south, he would say, on the contrary, that he loved it. his deepest professional debt

James Webb

1:44:12 to 1:44:30( Edit History Discussion )

James Webb: was to a white man, ted courier, who had inspired him to study history and had given him $500 to get him through harvard." i would say as we remember this truly brilliant american, that he not only loved the south, he

Personal tools

MetaVid is a non-profit project of UC Santa Cruz and the Sunlight Foundation. Learn more About MetaVid

The C-SPAN logo and other servicemarks that may be found in video content are the property of their respective trademark holders. None of these trademark holders are affiliated with Metavid