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Senate Proceeding 04-30-08 on Apr 30th, 2008 :: 5:03:56 to 5:21:52
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Robert Menendez

4:47:58 to 5:03:56( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Robert Menendez

Robert Menendez

5:03:39 to 5:03:56( Edit History Discussion )

Robert Menendez: to speak in morning business. the presiding officer: without objection. mr. alexander: in 1942, president roosevelt summon add group of congressional leaders to the white house. he outlined for them a

Lamar Alexander

5:03:56 to 5:04:11( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: secret plan to win world war ii. at the conclusion of the briefing, the president asked kenneth mckellar, the chairman of the committee in the senate, if the senator could hide $2 billion in the appropriations

Lamar Alexander

5:03:56 to 5:21:52( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Lamar Alexander

Lamar Alexander

5:04:11 to 5:04:30( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: bill nor this project to win the war. senator mckellar replied, "that will be no problem, mr. president. but i have one question. just where in tennessee do you want me to hide the d 2 billion billion?"

Lamar Alexander

5:04:30 to 5:04:52( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: that place in tennessee turned out to be oak ridge, one of the three secret cities, along with hanford, to become the purpose of the manhattan project. the purpose was to find a way to split the war

Lamar Alexander

5:04:52 to 5:05:07( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: and build a bomb before germany could. nearly 200,000 people worked secretly in 30 different sites in three cities. president roosevelt's appropriation in 1942 and 1943 and 1944. after years later after

Lamar Alexander

5:05:07 to 5:05:21( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: that conversation between president roosevelt and the senator, the project succeeded when on august 6 and 9, 1945, the first atomic bombs were dropped on hiroshima and nagasaki. japan surrendered

Lamar Alexander

5:05:21 to 5:05:36( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: uncondition unconditionally. according to "new york times" science reporter william lawrence who watched the nagasaki bombing, quote, "into its design went millions of man-hours of what is without doubt

Lamar Alexander

5:05:36 to 5:05:52( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: the most concentrate ed intellectual effort in history." madam president, on friday, may 9, i will go to one of those secret cities -- oak ridge -- to propose to the united states launch a new manhattan

Lamar Alexander

5:05:52 to 5:06:11( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: project, a five-year project to put america firmly on the path to clean energy independence. instead fed ending a end of ending a washings the goal will be clean energy independence so we can

Lamar Alexander

5:06:11 to 5:06:24( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: deal with rise ing energy prices, electricity prices for our country first and because other countries have the same urgent needs and therefore will adopt our ideas for the rest of the world. by "independence"

Lamar Alexander

5:06:24 to 5:06:44( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: i do not mean that the united states would never buy oil from mexico or from canada or from saudi arabia arabia. by "independence" i do mean that the united states could never be held hostage by any

Lamar Alexander

5:06:44 to 5:06:59( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: country for our energy supplies. in 1942, many were fraid that were afraid that the first country to build an atomic bomb could blackmail the rest of the world. the overwhelming challenge was

Lamar Alexander

5:06:59 to 5:07:13( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: of the manhattan project was the need to build a weapon so powerful that it would quickly guarantee victory. today countries that supply oil and natural gas can blackmail the rest of the world. today's

Lamar Alexander

5:07:13 to 5:07:29( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: -- is to create clean energy independence to quickly guarantee victory over that kind of extortion. such a concentration of brain power directed toward an you are urgent national need is not a new idea.

Lamar Alexander

5:07:29 to 5:07:44( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: but it is a good idea and it fit fits the goal of clean energy independence. the apollo project to send men to the moon in the 1960's was a kind of manhattan project. senator susan collins of maine has suggested

Lamar Alexander

5:07:44 to 5:07:58( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: an energy independence by 2020 project comparable to putting a goal of a man on the moon. others such as senator kit bond of missouri,ongressman randy forbes of virginia have suggested a manhattan project for

Lamar Alexander

5:07:58 to 5:08:12( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: clean energy or energy independence. as part of their ongoing presidential campaigns, both senator john mccain, senator bar rahm rack obama have called for a manhattan project for new energy sources. likewise,

Lamar Alexander

5:08:12 to 5:08:27( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: former house speaker newt gingrich and democratic national committee chairman howard dean have said a manhattan project-type program is needed to develop technology technologies to free us from oil

Lamar Alexander

5:08:27 to 5:08:38( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: dependence. all throughout the two years of discussion that led to the passage by this congress of the "america competes act," several participants sid that we should -- if we focused on solving the

Lamar Alexander

5:08:38 to 5:08:52( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: energy challenges, that would force the kind of investments in the physical sciences and research and teaching that the "america competes act" seeks to encourage. the manhattan project in 1942 was in response

Lamar Alexander

5:08:52 to 5:09:03( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: to an overwhelming challenge. the prospect that germany would build a bomb and win the war before america did. in his address on monday to the annual meeting of the national academy of sciences, academy

Lamar Alexander

5:09:03 to 5:09:23( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: president ralph ciserone described the challenge today. that is the need to discover ways to satisfy the human demand and use of energy in an environmentally satisfactory and affordable way so

Lamar Alexander

5:09:23 to 5:09:38( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: that we're not overly dependent on overseas sources. according to ci searchlight ron rone, this year americans will pay nearly $a $500 billion for oil. that's $1,600 for each one of you some to

Lamar Alexander

5:09:38 to 5:09:54( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: hostile nations. that weakened our dollar. it's half our trade deficit. it is force ing gasoline prices toward $4 a gallon and it's crushing family budgets. then there are the environmental consequences. if

Lamar Alexander

5:09:54 to 5:10:09( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: worldwide energy use continues to grow as projected and fossil fuels continue to supply over 80% of that energy, humans would inject as much co2 into the air from fossil fuel between 2000 and 2030

Lamar Alexander

5:10:09 to 5:10:23( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: as they did between 1850 and 2000. we have plenty of goal to help achieve our energy independence, but we have no commercial way yet to capture the carbon from the coal and we've not finished the job

Lamar Alexander

5:10:23 to 5:10:36( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: of controlling sulfur and nitrite and mercury emission emissions. so instead of finding a way to build a bomb to win a war, the new way -- the new goal -- would be to find ways to help our country

Lamar Alexander

5:10:36 to 5:10:51( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: which consumes 25% of all the energy in the world to achieve clean energy independence and to do it at a price the family budget ford, with a hope that the rest of the world will follow our lead. in

Lamar Alexander

5:10:51 to 5:11:05( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: addition to the need to meet an overwhelming challenge, other characteristics of the manhattan project are suited to the challenge of a new manhattan project. first, it will require what harr harris meyer has called

Lamar Alexander

5:11:05 to 5:11:19( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: menta engineering. it needs to proceed as fast as possible along several tracks to tracks to reach the goal. according to ron gillespie, the entire project was being conduct conducted use ing a shortgun

Lamar Alexander

5:11:19 to 5:11:33( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: a approach, trying all possible a approaches simultaneously without regard to cost to speed toward a conclusion. next, it needs presidential focus, and it needs bipartisan support in congress. it needs the

Lamar Alexander

5:11:33 to 5:11:50( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: kind of centralize ed leadership that general lesley r. groves of the army corps of engineers gave the first manhattan project. a new manhattan project needs to put aside old biases and subsidies

Lamar Alexander

5:11:50 to 5:12:07( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: and instead break the mold. as dr. jay robert oppenheimer said in a speech in november of 1945 about the atomic bomb, the challengef clean energy independence is too evolutionary to consider in the

Lamar Alexander

5:12:07 to 5:12:22( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: framework of old ideas. and most important, in the words of george calhen as reported in a book about the manhattan project, the first manhattan project wouldn't have come into exist at all without initial

Lamar Alexander

5:12:22 to 5:12:39( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: concepts that were spelled out by a small number of extraordinary people. the manhattan project model starts with a small, diverse group of great minds. as i said to the various national academies

Lamar Alexander

5:12:39 to 5:12:54( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: when we first asked for their help on the american competitiveness project in 2005, in washington, d.c., most ideas fail for lack of the idea. we need ideas from the best minds we have, then for american

Lamar Alexander

5:12:54 to 5:13:08( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: competitiveness, now for clean energy independence. i addressed a meeting earlier this week of about 500 men and women from all over america who were here to encourage the congress to fully fund

Lamar Alexander

5:13:08 to 5:13:19( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: the american competitiveness act that we passed in 2007. the president has asked for an 18% increase in funding for the national science foundation -- for the office of science in the department of energy,

Lamar Alexander

5:13:19 to 5:13:34( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: which is the money for our national laboratories. he's asked for a 13% increase in funding for the national science foundation. both of those would put us on the road to double ing funding for the

Lamar Alexander

5:13:34 to 5:13:45( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: physical sciences so we can keep the -- our brain power advantage, so we can keep our jobs from going overseas. that was the recommendation of the small rs diverse group of great minds whom we asked three

Lamar Alexander

5:13:45 to 5:13:56( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: years ago to tell us, what do we need to do to keep our brain power advantage. and most of the speakers at that meeting this week were talking about the need to come persuade the senator from new york

Lamar Alexander

5:13:56 to 5:14:08( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: or the senator from tennessee or the senator from some other state to fully fund the "america competes act." i see the senator from new york here. he was very active in that legislation, especially

Lamar Alexander

5:14:08 to 5:14:22( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: with the project from new york that helped focus on mathematics for the teaching of young people. almost all of us here felt some sense of ownership of that legislation. the majority leader and

Lamar Alexander

5:14:22 to 5:14:39( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: the minority leader, whether republican or democrat, cosponsored it and 70 of us co cosponsored it. so we saw the need for it. now we need to apply even more focus and discipline on a different goal,

Lamar Alexander

5:14:39 to 5:14:50( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: which is clean energy "federalist papers" ."| that is why i am going to propose a second manhattan project for energy independence. i believe the work we did during the america competes abts during

Lamar Alexander

5:14:50 to 5:15:07( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: america "competes" act during the last three years has important challenges. let's remember how america competes happened. three years ago in may of 2005, a bipartisan group asked the national

Lamar Alexander

5:15:07 to 5:15:21( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: academies to tell congress in priority order the ten most important steps to take to keep america's brain power advantage. basically we were asking for the answer to the problem set out in in, "the

Lamar Alexander

5:15:21 to 5:15:34( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: world is flat." and a small diverse group of great minds was chairman by a member of the cad by of engineering which presented to congress and to the president 20 specific recommendations in a report called

Lamar Alexander

5:15:34 to 5:15:46( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: "rising above the gathering storm." we then worked with the bush administration and a number of -- in a number of homework sessions and considered a number of other proposals by different competitiveness

Lamar Alexander

5:15:46 to 5:16:03( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: commissions. in january of 2006 president bush outlined his america competitive initiative to double over 10 years basic research budgets for the physical sciences and engineering and included money to

Lamar Alexander

5:16:03 to 5:16:18( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: do that in his budget -- two years ago, one year ago, and this year. then, as i mentioned earlier, the republican and democratic leaders of the senate became the principle sponsors of the legislation and

Lamar Alexander

5:16:18 to 5:16:35( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: that didn't change even when the senate changed from republican to democrat. now, last week i telephoned ralph cicero, the president of the national academy of science, who addressed this same organization

Lamar Alexander

5:16:35 to 5:16:49( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: on monday. i told him about my proposed may 9, oakridge speech and he told me of an address he made this past monday before the annual meeting of the national academy of science on america's energy future.

Lamar Alexander

5:16:49 to 5:16:58( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: that study will be completed in the year 2010. mr. president, i would ask unanimous consent that following my remarks, be included the remarks of ralph cicero, the president of the national academy

Lamar Alexander

5:16:58 to 5:17:16( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: of sciences, at the 145th annual meeting of the academy on monday. the presiding officer: without objection, so ordered. mr. alexander: thank you, mr. president. i told dr. cicero i would be proposing

Lamar Alexander

5:17:16 to 5:17:32( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: in oakridge, that what i will be proposing will require more specific and quicker action than what the academies have already underway. i would hope that within the next few weeks a bipartisan group of

Lamar Alexander

5:17:32 to 5:17:43( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: us from the congress could meet with the academies and see what concrete proposals we might offer the new president and the new congress and that we complete that work this year. democrat bart

Lamar Alexander

5:17:43 to 5:18:00( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: gordon, a congressman from tennessee, chairman of the science committee in the house of representatives and who, along with senator bingaman and i and another member of congress from the house of representatives,

Lamar Alexander

5:18:00 to 5:18:13( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: was one of the four original signers of the 2005 request to the national academies that led to the america "competes" act. congressman gordon will join me in oakridge on may 9th. he will address the

Lamar Alexander

5:18:13 to 5:18:26( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: organization -- those who are there -- about clean energy independence. also there and cohost for the meeting along with the director of the oakridge laboratory is congressman zach wop, senior member of

Lamar Alexander

5:18:26 to 5:18:38( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: the house appropriations committee, in whose district we will be. i've talked this week with our leaders in the senate on energy: senator bingaman and senator domenici, both of new mexico, who played

Lamar Alexander

5:18:38 to 5:18:55( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: such a large role in the america "competes" act over the last three years. i talked with senator murkowski who liky will succeed senator domenici as the senior republican on the energy and natural resources

Lamar Alexander

5:18:55 to 5:19:09( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: committee when senator domenici retires at the end of this year. i know that this is a president am election year. i have no illusions about the difficulty of bipartisan congressional action but i also

Lamar Alexander

5:19:09 to 5:19:25( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: know that gasoline is nearing $4, that electricity is produced by america today is not clean enough for our country. i also know that on our present course we permit other countries in the world from

Lamar Alexander

5:19:25 to 5:19:39( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: whom we are -- to whom we are paying $500 billion a year, the possibility of blackmailing us or other countries because of their ownership of oil assets. i believe now is the best possible time for members

Lamar Alexander

5:19:39 to 5:19:50( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: of congress and candidates for president of the united states to address the clean energy independence goal. let us compete to see who can come up with the best ideas and compare them with one another

Lamar Alexander

5:19:50 to 5:20:03( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: knowing that in the end, especially in the united states senate, it will take the kind of bipartisan cooperation that we had with the america "competes" act to get a result. after all, the people

Lamar Alexander

5:20:03 to 5:20:18( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: didn't elect us to take a vacation this year just because there's a presidential election. mr. president, this country of ours is a remarkable place. even during this economic slow down we will

Lamar Alexander

5:20:18 to 5:20:34( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: produce this year about 30% of all the wealth in the world for just the 5 of those of us would live here: 30% of the wealth in the world but we're just 5% of all the people in the world. despite

Lamar Alexander

5:20:34 to 5:20:49( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: the gathering storm of concern about america competitiveness, no other country approaches our brain power vantage, the national laboratories we have, the collect of universities we have, the private-sector

Lamar Alexander

5:20:49 to 5:21:02( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: companies that exist here in the united states. this united states is still the only country where people can say with a straight face that anything is possible -- and really believe it. these are precisely

Lamar Alexander

5:21:02 to 5:21:19( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: the ingredients that america needs during the next five years to place ourselves firmly on a path to clean energy independence. and in doing so, to make our jobs more secure, to help balance the family

Lamar Alexander

5:21:19 to 5:21:36( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: budget, to make our air cleaner and our planet safer and healthier -- and to lead the world to follow our example and do the same. thank you, mr. predent. i yield the floor. the presiding officer:

Lamar Alexander

5:21:36 to 5:21:52( Edit History Discussion )

Lamar Alexander: the senator from maryland. mr. cardin: thank you, mr. president. first, i welcome the bipartisan support for programs that will move us toward energy independence. i agree with my colleagues from tennessee

Benjamin L. Cardin

5:21:52 to 5:22:08( Edit History Discussion )

Benjamin L. Cardin: that we need to do a manhattan-type project, the same type of commitment we did when putting a person on the moon, to become energy independent. we had the technology. we knew how to get it done. we had the will.

Benjamin L. Cardin

5:21:52 to 5:34:44( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Benjamin L. Cardin

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