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Senate Proceeding on Jul 12th, 2010 :: 2:52:55 to 3:04:00
Total video length: 4 hours 44 minutes Stream Tools: Stream Overview | Edit Time

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Bill Nelson

2:52:48 to 2:53:08( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: it's a method o disbursents that has been likened to a science experiment. and with each passing day, we see new images of oil washing up on to the shores, our beaches, the wetlands, coating the wildlife. we've all seen it on the division and it's heartbreaking.

Bill Nelson

2:52:55 to 3:04:00( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Bill Nelson

Bill Nelson

2:53:09 to 2:53:30( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: mr. president, i worry about something else and that's something that we do not see. for two months now, academics, the media and the public have asked about the possibility of vast amounts of oil miles away from the location of the spill.

Bill Nelson

2:53:31 to 2:53:52( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: independent scientists such as from universities in my state, university of south florida, florida state university took to the water early on and they did their own research vessels out there to find the answers. and what they found the fears that we have.

Bill Nelson

2:53:53 to 2:54:15( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: what we do not see. and that is the detectable amounts of oil or hydrocarbons impacting areas away from the spill. these hydrocarbons may not look like what we imagine. we imagine ominous black clouds, but, in fact, what the scientists pulled up from

Bill Nelson

2:54:16 to 2:54:39( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: different depths of their water samples often came up clear because, just because you can't see the oil doesn't mean it's not there and that it's not havingn impact. a few weeks ago, the national oceanic and atmospheric administration released its

Bill Nelson

2:54:40 to 2:55:00( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: first report on the subsea oil. our top ocean science agency has been working to understand the impacts of subsurface hydrocarbons, and while there is now some publicly available information on subsurface oil, many unanswered question remain.

Bill Nelson

2:55:01 to 2:55:22( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: is the subsurface oil, is it down there and especially that which you can't see, is it there because of the use of disbursants? does the large amount of pressure caused by the weight of the water column at such depths as far as 5,000 feet, does that

Bill Nelson

2:55:23 to 2:55:45( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: lead to these plumes of oil being subsurface? what is the effect of having oil and gas throughout the water column as opposed to just the oil floating on the surface? i believe it took so long to get any information because this is something that we simply have

Bill Nelson

2:55:46 to 2:56:09( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: not seen before. the last time this country dealt with a spill even near this magnitude was the exxon valdez spill but that was a leaked in a bay where all the oil was in the upper layers of the water column. the oil basically stayed afloat. here we have a situation where

Bill Nelson

2:56:10 to 2:56:32( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: the oil is being released 5,000 fe below the surface of the gulf. it's being sprayed with disbursants and it keeps much of it down in that fragile environment and away from view. but, of course, the many organisms that live down at those depths are the basis of

Bill Nelson

2:56:33 to 2:56:55( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: the food web and the impacts of the dissolved and disbursed hydrocarbons on these critters is simply unknown. we haven't even begun to deal th the natural gas question that is also spewing out of the well. some have estimated that as much as half of the volume coming out

Bill Nelson

2:56:56 to 2:57:17( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: of the well is actually natural gas. some of that is very probably dissolving and it's possible that most of it's dissolving. but who knows how these chemicals are interacting with the disbursants? and if any of the natural gas is

Bill Nelson

2:57:18 to 2:57:39( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: bubbling to the surface, it could pose a threat to the health, the safety of wildlife and it could pose a health hazard to humors on the surface of the gulf. well, as a resultf all of this

Bill Nelson

2:57:40 to 2:58:00( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: and if we don't learn that we keep doing this over and over again and expecting results, we've got to start learning from this situation so that we don't do the same thing over and over again. and so i am introducing the

Bill Nelson

2:58:01 to 2:58:21( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: subsea hydrocarbon imagery and planning act, and this bill will address so of these gaps in our knowledge, an understanding of what happens when oil and natural grass released under the ocean. this bill would direct noaa to review its current protocols for detecting and mapping subsea

Bill Nelson

2:58:22 to 2:58:43( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: hydrocarbons. it would require them to develop priorities and to adopt a plan for the future by implementing a program within the office of response and restoration dedicated to mapping subsea hydrocarbons and releasing what

Bill Nelson

2:58:44 to 2:59:05( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: their trajectories are. state and local governments and the american people should have access to this information so that they can plan accordingly. noaa itself needs this information for incorporation into its protocols for closing and opening fisheries.

Bill Nelson

2:59:06 to 2:59:28( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: and the people in charge of managing this crisis need this information so that they can make informed decisions about how to proceed. we're in the midst, as we know, of hurricane season, and while we have not seen this subsea oil

Bill Nelson

2:59:29 to 2:59:51( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: with our eyes yet, a hurricane could make a worst-case scenario a reality. last week during the recess, i spent some time with me of florida's best and brightest scientists who are studying this spill. i spoke with researchers from

Bill Nelson

2:59:52 to 3:00:12( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: florida gulf coast university, mote marine laboratory and the university of miami center for seastern tropical advance remote sensing. these institutions might have the technology and expertise that could be used to detect and monitor subsea oil and gas and

Bill Nelson

3:00:13 to 3:00:35( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: measure its impact on fragile marine environments. and, as we look to the future, and as we are getting noaa to adopt a plan, that's a plan we need, and what this legislation does -- the subsea hydrocarbon

Bill Nelson

3:00:36 to 3:00:57( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: imagery and planning act -- it will ensure that days in the future we won't wonder how much oil and gas is out there, where it is, where it's going, and what its impacts will be, because we'll know.

Bill Nelson

3:00:58 to 3:01:23( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: now, i hope that our colleagues in the senate are going to support this effort. clearly, what is going on is that this well needs to be killed. it's 60,000 rrels of oil a day that are gushing into the gulf, and this has been going on now

Bill Nelson

3:01:24 to 3:01:44( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: closing in on three months. until that time that the well is killed, they will continueo try to siphon off as much as possible, and that's the process they're going now. they took off that one cap. all of that oil is gushing. they're going to try to put on another cap that will have a

Bill Nelson

3:01:45 to 3:02:07( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: tighter seal that they can get more to the surface. in the meantime, all that oil that is there on the surface we have the skimmers. we need to skim that off and keep it from reaching the shore. if it gets on the beach, that's one thing.

Bill Nelson

3:02:08 to 3:02:29( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: we can get it off the beach. it harms all of the industries. it harms tourism, clearly the perception that there's oil harms fishing. but the real ecological damage is when it gets past that beach and it gets into the bays and he

Bill Nelson

3:02:30 to 3:02:52( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: estuaries and getds into the marsh grasses and thijts a so difficult to get out and it all the more compounds the impact on the critters. okay, number one, kill the well. number two, scoop it off as much as you can get off the surface to keep it away from the shore.

Bill Nelson

3:02:53 to 3:03:14( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: but, number three, the big unknown, is how much oil is underneath the surface and what is its long-term affect on the health of the gulf and on the entire ecological balance of the gulf of mexico and, indeed, other waters that could be

Bill Nelson

3:03:15 to 3:03:38( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: affected, such as the loop current turns into the gulfstream and that goes into the atlantic? now, that's the big unknown, and that's what we are asking noaa to do. that's why i am filing this legislation. mr. president, i yield the floor, and i would absence of a quorum. the presiding officer: the

Bill Nelson

3:03:39 to 3:03:44( Edit History Discussion )

Bill Nelson: clerk will call the roll.

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