Metavid

Video archive of the US Congress

Senate Proceeding on Sep 20th, 2007 :: 6:45:18 to 6:57:56
Total video length: 10 hours 31 minutes Stream Tools: Stream Overview | Edit Time

Note: MetaVid video transcripts may contain inaccuracies, help us build a more perfect archive

Download OptionsEmbed Video

Views:90 Duration: 0:12:38 Discussion

Previous speech: Next speech:

6:44:59 to 6:45:18( Edit History Discussion )

benchmarks benchmarks. and what appears to have happened, having failed the test test, the president decided that the test was not worth giving and ignores the results, but those results i think

Jack Reed

6:45:18 to 6:45:27( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: speak volumes.| for example, the iraqi government still has not completed revisions to the constitution or enacted legislation on de-baathification, oil revenue sharing, provincial elections, amnesty

Jack Reed

6:45:18 to 6:57:56( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Jack Reed

Jack Reed

6:45:27 to 6:45:35( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: or military disarmament. when ambassador crocker was here, he said well, they haven't done it formally out there but they informally are distributing the oil revenues. that goes i think to the point

Jack Reed

6:45:35 to 6:45:45( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: i've tried to suggest in other context. if it's informal then it's highly reversible. if it's informal, it's transitory. legislation is reversible and transitory. we do a lot of that around here, but

Jack Reed

6:45:45 to 6:45:58( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: at least you have to go back through the legislative process. but these informal arrangements may be just a temporary expedient and probably are a temporary expedient. but the real works the commitment

Jack Reed

6:45:58 to 6:46:08( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: that the government made, the government of iraq, months ago to make these changes have not been accomplished. the iraqi government has not eliminated military control of local security, limb eliminated

Jack Reed

6:46:08 to 6:46:23( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: political invention in military operation, ensured evenhanded enforcement of law, increased army units capable of independent operations or ensured that political authorities make no false accusations against

Jack Reed

6:46:23 to 6:46:40( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: security forces. again, we have been engaged for years in training iraqi security forces. at the entry level of that training, you know, to give the ability of a squad leader to read a map, to call

Jack Reed

6:46:40 to 6:46:55( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: indirect fire, to call a medevak, we've made progress to give the skill for an individual infantryman to low call, to clear a building, we've made progress. but it's at the critical levels where politics

Jack Reed

6:46:55 to 6:47:10( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: and security intersect that there has not been the adequate progress and that is the most decisive level. until there is a -- a force in iraq that is not only technically capable but can operate with

Jack Reed

6:47:10 to 6:47:25( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: a certain degree of independence, then their ability is i think undermined. we're making progress in that direction. the reed-levin amendment, levin-reed amendment, calls for continued training to

Jack Reed

6:47:25 to 6:47:37( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: achieve not just technical proficiency but we hope someday a force that is professionally capable and deployed in a way that they can secure the country of iraq -- their country without fear or favor

Jack Reed

6:47:37 to 6:47:48( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: with respect to political or sectarian allegiance. now, the iraqi government also pledged to spend $10 billion on reconstruction of their own money. we have sent billions over there of american dollars

Jack Reed

6:47:48 to 6:47:56( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: for reconstruction. to date, only $1.5 billion has been allocated to do that. and i think it raises the question among many americans, if we are spending all of these billions of dollars and the president's

Jack Reed

6:47:56 to 6:48:08( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: going to send a supplemental up shortly asking for billions of billions of dollars more, why can't the iraqis spend at least the money -- their own money that they have for their own people, for

Jack Reed

6:48:08 to 6:48:21( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: their own needs? i think there's a question that the longer is goes unanswered, the more unsettling it is to the american public. the g.a.o. also noted it is unclear whether sectarian violence in iraq

Jack Reed

6:48:21 to 6:48:34( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: has decreased the key security benchmarks since it is difficult to measure the intent and other measures of populations of security show differing trends. the situation which is understandable, given

Jack Reed

6:48:34 to 6:48:52( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: the chaotic nature, given the conflicting motivations that are engulfing the country and producing violence, it's hard to say what is just criminality, what is a politically motivated event, what is the

Jack Reed

6:48:52 to 6:49:07( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: mixture of the two. but these measures i think from our perspective, whether they go up and down, probably do not suggest the atmosphere which most iraqis endure, which is an atmosphere of -- of violence,

Jack Reed

6:49:07 to 6:49:19( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: potential violence, a fear. it's an atmosphere that has caused the 2 million people to be external refugees, 2 million people roughly to be internally displaced, and it also is reflected in polling

Jack Reed

6:49:19 to 6:49:32( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: conducted within iraq about the sense of security, the sense of the future that the iraqi people v. and these numbers have been declining. it was at a zenith obviously after the operations in

Jack Reed

6:49:32 to 6:49:48( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: march of 2003, but since there there has been i think a significant and continued deterioration. because this violence to us, it makes a difference that it's sectarian versus criminal but to someone

Jack Reed

6:49:48 to 6:50:03( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: on the street, it's violence. and again, the progress in stablizing the country that the iraqi government said they were committed to has not materially been changed throughout the country. now, general

Jack Reed

6:50:03 to 6:50:15( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: petraeus and general jones did report improvements in the iraqi security forces and they should be recognized. but the progress is uneven and slow and i suggested at the zenith, where it is most

Jack Reed

6:50:15 to 6:50:35( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: critical in terms of stability of the country, where it is commanders, not squad leaders, that are making decisions, that is the most difficult to achieve and it's so far lging based upon the reports that --

Jack Reed

6:50:35 to 6:50:47( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: that we've heard. now, we recognize that the last few years have been enormously challenging for the government of iraq and our participation there. we recognize too that both general petraeus and ambassador

Jack Reed

6:50:47 to 6:51:05( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: crocker came with great experience, great professional acumen and great patriotic service to the country and gave us their best report. there's another aspect of this debate which is just as important

Jack Reed

6:51:05 to 6:51:17( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: as what's going on in iraq and that's what's going on in the united states. and, frankly, the support for our operations has rapidly faded since the heady days of march of 2003. before the september

Jack Reed

6:51:17 to 6:51:29( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: reports by ambassador crocker and general petraeus and the speech by the president, 64% of american polled by cbs felt things were going badly in iraq. after reports, 63%. my point is that that is

Jack Reed

6:51:29 to 6:51:42( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: an important factor in the conduct of any national security policy, the support of the american people. in fact, the manual that general petraeus helped author at fort leavenworth, the counterinsurgency

Jack Reed

6:51:42 to 6:51:55( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: manual, makes that point specifically, that public support within the united states is a critical, critical attribute for a policy, particularly long-term policy in a counterinsurgency context. and

Jack Reed

6:51:55 to 6:52:08( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: we have seen, frankly, the american public being quite concerned, in fact, disheartened disheartened, about what's happening in iraq. i think that also calls, in addition to what's happening on the

Jack Reed

6:52:08 to 6:52:20( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: ground, for a changen our policy, for a change in the direction that senator levin and i are suggesting. it's very difficult and some would argue impossible for any administration to carry on a

Jack Reed

6:52:20 to 6:52:35( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: policy without the strong support of the united states, particularly a policy that does not seem to be matched by an equal commitment by those we're trying to help. i believe that we do need change

Jack Reed

6:52:35 to 6:52:48( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: our policy not only because it's a more effective way to go forward but it would i think represent to the american people a needed sense that we've heard them, we're moving forward, and we're moving forward

Jack Reed

6:52:48 to 6:53:06( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: in a way that can be sustained and be supported by the american people. everyone has to recognize the extraordinary contribution of our military forces. they are serving well andhey continue to

Jack Reed

6:53:06 to 6:53:21( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: serve well. but i think their effort has to be matched by a wiser policy on our part and that policy i think is necessary and i hope we can do that within the context of the amendment we've proposed.

Jack Reed

6:53:21 to 6:53:33( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: there's another issue here too and that is not just public support but also the financial support. we're spending $12 billion a month in iraq, afghanistan, et cetera. that price seems to go up. we understand

Jack Reed

6:53:33 to 6:53:45( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: that the costs are not short term. there are hundreds of thousands of veterans coming out of the gulf who for the next 50 years will require support, assistance assistance, and this is not going to

Jack Reed

6:53:45 to 6:54:00( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: be something that when we look back five or ten years even when the fighting stops we can ignore. we have a long-term commitment to these individuals and a long-term costly commitment. and we have

Jack Reed

6:54:00 to 6:54:12( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: to measure our policy against our resources. not just the brave men and women that serve but our ability to finance their operations and finance their -- their long-term care as they come back. this

Jack Reed

6:54:12 to 6:54:30( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: amendment, as i indicated previously, calls for a transition which i believe is long overdue. a transition to counterterrorism, a transition to training iraqi security forces and protection of our forces,

Jack Reed

6:54:30 to 6:54:44( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: coalition forces. i think the transition will have us in terms of what's happening on the ground, what's happening in the country and what should be happening in the region. also, our amendment

Jack Reed

6:54:44 to 6:54:55( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: talks about a very aggressive diplomatic approach, something that i think has been missing. we have to engage the regional community and the world community to help us. i think there might be an opportunity,

Jack Reed

6:54:55 to 6:55:11( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: indeed, when we talk about the context of training to go forward to our allies in nato and say, you could help us on this training mission. this is not a direct combat operation. this is something

Jack Reed

6:55:11 to 6:55:22( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: well within the capacity of your armies acro the globe. this could put an international approach to our problems which would be very helpful not only in terms of just putting men and women on the ground

Jack Reed

6:55:22 to 6:55:36( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: to assist the iraqi security forces but indicating that this is not america's problem alone, that this is an issue that should be addressed by all the nations of the world. now, for five years,

Jack Reed

6:55:36 to 6:55:50( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: our military forces have fought with valor and courage and sacrifice. their families have mownders their absences, they have supported them remarkably and magnificently and i think that has to be recognized.

Jack Reed

6:55:50 to 6:56:06( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: but we have to provide them a diplomatic support that has been lacking all these years. many of my colleagues have traveled to iraq many times. i have. since the beginning, there has not been an adequate

Jack Reed

6:56:06 to 6:56:16( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: complement through diplomats and a.i.d. personnel and agron mists and all the specialists that you need to provide the public nonken et i can, as military people -- nonkinetic, as military people describe,

Jack Reed

6:56:16 to 6:56:27( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: the forces of the counterinsurgency. those efforts have been lacking. there's been efforts recently to improve them but they're still significanting lackly. and so for many, many years, all these years,

Jack Reed

6:56:27 to 6:56:38( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: we've had an army and marine corps at war supported and -- i should say not just supported but intimately involved all our services but we have not had the full commitment of our national resource,

Jack Reed

6:56:38 to 6:56:52( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: we haven't had the full commitment of our civilian agencies that are so necessary. and today, that i think is not being manifested enough. so for that reason also, i tnk we have to recognize that

Jack Reed

6:56:52 to 6:57:07( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: a change is necessary. i hope we can change the policy. i think in the long term, it will be beneficial to the united states. and i hope you would allow us to begin to focus more resources on threats

Jack Reed

6:57:07 to 6:57:20( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: that i think are much more severe. the virtually safe haven in pakistan, where bin laden sds tapes to us and zawahiri sends tapes to us, that inspire terrorist organizations in europe, that are encroaching

Jack Reed

6:57:20 to 6:57:33( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: closer and closer to the united states. that was, i think, the whole premise for our global war on terrorism, to effectively prevent another attack on our homeland. the growing power of iran, not only

Jack Reed

6:57:33 to 6:57:44( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: in terms of its influence in the region, i connection to other terrorist groups, but it is aspirations to be -- but its aspirations to be a nuclear power, which we're finding a very difficult time to counter

Jack Reed

6:57:44 to 6:57:56( Edit History Discussion )

Jack Reed: diplomatically. i hope if we can refocus our efforts in iraq, we can also refocus our efforts to meet these other emerging and very dangerous threats. and with that, madam president, i would yield

John McCain

6:57:56 to 6:58:10( Edit History Discussion )

John McCain: the floor. mr. mccain: madam president? the presiding officer: the senator from arizona is recognized. mr. mccain: i rise to -- i oppose the amendment offered by the chairm and the senator from rhode island

John McCain

6:57:56 to 7:12:39( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: John McCain

Personal tools

MetaVid is a non-profit project of UC Santa Cruz and the Sunlight Foundation. Learn more About MetaVid

The C-SPAN logo and other servicemarks that may be found in video content are the property of their respective trademark holders. None of these trademark holders are affiliated with Metavid