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Senate Proceeding on Oct 4th, 2007 :: 3:34:50 to 4:02:41
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Barbara Mikulski

3:32:57 to 3:34:50( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Barbara Mikulski

Barbara Mikulski

3:34:38 to 3:34:50( Edit History Discussion )

Barbara Mikulski: the senator from maryland. ms. mikulski: mr. president, i ask unanimous consent that the pending amendment be laid aside. the presiding officer: without objection, so ordered. mr. president, we are making

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:34:50 to 3:35:01( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: show but steady progress. i, therefore, call up amendment 3215. it's a mikulski-shelby amendment amendment. it's pending? i also call up a second-degree amendment offered by senator coburn of oklahoma,

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:34:50 to 4:02:41( Edit History Discussion )
Speech By: Robert P. Casey, Jr.

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:35:01 to 3:35:12( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: amendment 3230. the presiding officer: the clerk will report. the clerk: the senator from maryland, ms. mikulski, proposes -- ms. mikulski: i ask unanimous consent the reading of the amendment be

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:35:12 to 3:35:23( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: suspended. the presiding officer: without objection, so ordered.ed ms. muck mick: mr. president, i ask the -- ms. mikulski: mr. president, i ask the second-degree amendment be agreed to. the presiding officer:

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:35:23 to 3:35:32( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: is there further debate? the question's on the amendment. all those in favor say aye. all those in favor say aye. opposed, nay. the ayes appear to have it. the ayes do have it. the amendment is agreed

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:35:32 to 3:35:42( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: to. ms. mikulski: mr. president, parliamentary inquiry. did we agree to amendment 3215 as amended by coburn or did we just agree to the coburn second-degree? the presiding officer: yeah, we just agreed

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:35:42 to 3:35:54( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: to the coburn second-degree. ms. mikulski: i now ask that amendment 3215 as amend by the coburn amendment be agreed to. the presiding officer: is there further debate? the question's on the amendment.

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:35:54 to 3:36:09( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: all those in favor say aye. opposed, nay. the ayes appear to have it. the ayes do have it. the amendment is agreed to. mr. shelby: move to reconsider. ms. mikulski: move to lay on the table. the

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:36:09 to 3:36:18( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: presiding officer: without objection, so ordered. ms. mikulski: mr. president, i note the absence of a quorum. we hope to -- i note the absence of a quorum. the presiding officer: the clerk will call

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:36:18 to 3:36:28( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: the roll. quorum call: the presiding officer: the senator from pennsylvania. mr. casey: mr. president, i would ask unanimous consent that the quorum call be vitiated. the presiding officer: without

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:36:28 to 3:36:42( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: objection, so ordered. mr. casey: and, mr. president, i ask that i be permitted to speak as if in morning business. the presiding officer: without objection, so ordered. mr. casey: thank you, mr.

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:36:42 to 3:36:59( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: president. mr. president, i rise today to speak on the challenge posed by iran to our national security and the interests of our friends and allies. how the united states should best address the

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:36:59 to 3:37:08( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: challenge posed by iran and its leader, president ahmadinejad. this has been much in the news lately. the iranian president visited new york for the united nations general assembly just last week

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:37:08 to 3:37:20( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: and delivered a controversial address at columbia university. during the very same week, the united states senate approved a resolution condemning iranian activity that helped destabilize iraq and called

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:37:20 to 3:37:30( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: upon the administration to take actions to deter future iranian meddling in iraq. and other places as well. it's no surprise that the debate over how to handle iran occurred very much in the shadow

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:37:30 to 3:37:45( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: of the iraq war. five years ago, the congress voted to give the president the authorization to go to war against saddam hussein based upon -- based upon iraq's alleged weapons of mass destruction

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:37:45 to 3:38:01( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: programs. the shocking failure to uncover those so-called w.m.d. programs and the fatally flawed manner in which the president took our nation to war must weigh upon all of us now as we debate the

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:38:01 to 3:38:14( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: right course of action against iran. madam president, let me be clear from the outset. through its refusal to halt prohibited nuclear activities in the face of multiple united nations resolutions, its

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:38:14 to 3:38:31( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: support for extremist groups across the region and to end its harsh crackdown in recent months on human rights and civil society leaders, the government of iran has demonstrated why it should be isolated

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:38:31 to 3:38:54( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: -- isolated -- from the international community. the united states must take the lead in a concerted campaign to coerce iran into changing course course, drawing upon all facets facets -- all facets -- of

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:38:54 to 3:39:13( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: american power in close coordination with our friends and allies. we must always remember that while the iranian government may be hostile to our interests and values, it does not speak for the iranian

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:39:13 to 3:39:41( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: people. while the iranian clerical regime, in power since the 1979 resolution, has remained reliably anti-american, the iranian people, led by a younger generation born after the traumatic events of the

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:39:41 to 3:39:57( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: late 19 1970's, these younger people in iran are remarkably open to american ideals. two-thirds of the iranian population is below the age of 30. these iranians view the united states as a potential

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:39:57 to 3:40:09( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: -- potential friend, not as an inplacable enemy. few americans remember that a candlelight vigil was spontaneously organized in tehran shortly following the 9/11 attacks attended by thousands of ordinary iranians

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:40:09 to 3:40:24( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: to honor the memory of those who perished in those terrible attacks. i can think of no other muslim nailings where such a public expression of sympathy and solidarity emerged in the grief-stricken days following

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:40:24 to 3:40:40( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: september the 11th. so in articulating our response to iran's recent provocations, we must always distinguish between the oppressive clerical regime and the iranian people. the few muhlas as tehran

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:40:40 to 3:40:55( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: a l muhlas in iran would like nothing more than for the united states to promote a boost. accordingly, any u.s. policy to diffuse iran's nuclear program and its halt to extremist groups elsewhere

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:40:55 to 3:41:04( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: must be undertaken in a careful fashion, emphasizing that our quarrel lies with the clerical regime, not the people of iran. madam president, let me first address iran's nuclear program. the iranian regime

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:41:04 to 3:41:15( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: has for fitted the good will of the international -- forfeited the goodwill of the international program by secretly developing key components of a nuclear fuel cycle: uranium enrichment and plutonium

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:41:15 to 3:41:27( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: reprocessing. these activities can constitute the elements of a peaceful civilian nuclear program. but the nuclear nonproliferation treaty to which iran is a signatory requires that nations fully

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:41:27 to 3:41:38( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: disclose such activities in an open and transparent fashion. that iran went to such lengths to conceal its activities and continues today to refuse to provide a full accounting of the history of this

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:41:38 to 3:41:48( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: program leads a reasonable observer to suspect that the program was intended not just for asivian -- for a civilian nuclear program but also to enable the production of fissile material for nuclear

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:41:48 to 3:42:28( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: weapons. this crisis came to a head in 2003 when reports from an iranian exile group prompted the international atomic energy agency, as we all know as iaea, the u.n. nuclear watchdog, to open an investigation.

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:46:36 to 3:46:43( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: despite initial efforts by an alliance of european powers to persuade iran to come clean with the iaea, tehran continues -- continues -- and continued then to work on its iranian -- uranium enrichment

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:46:43 to 3:46:49( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: program, spurng officers of economic and trade benefits -- spurning offers of economic and trade benefits. last year, the united nations security council took action passing an initial resolution calling

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:46:49 to 3:47:05( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: on iran to suspend all uranium enrichment activities. when iran ignored that resolution, the security council passed two successive resolutions imposing a set of limited sanctions. yet again, the

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:47:05 to 3:47:13( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: iranian regime chose to ignore a clear mess message from the international community. today, the united states is in talks with other u.n. security council members on a third and potentially more far-ranging

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

3:47:13 to 3:47:53( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: round of sanctions. to its credit, the bush administration has made very clear to iran that the united states is willing to join a comprehensive dialogue with iran and the so-called eu-3 nations, meaning the united

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:00:54 to 4:01:00( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: kingdom, france and germany. once iran verifiably suspends its uranium enrichment activities. iran has refused to do so and so it is on pace to operate as many as 3,000 uranium centrifuges by the end

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:01:00 to 4:01:06( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: of the year. under a worst-case estimate, if iran were to ejected all international inspectors and operate these 3,000 centrifuges round-the-clock, it could -- it could -- produce sufficient fissile

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:01:06 to 4:01:13( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: material for one nuclear warhead within a year. madam president, an armed iran that has a nuclear weapon or nuclear weapons, the plural, would embolden -- would be emboldened, i should say, to

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:01:13 to 4:01:19( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: intimidate its neighbors, export islamic extremism throughout the region, and deter the united states and others from defending their core interests. a regime whose leaders has openly called for the

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:01:19 to 4:01:24( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: destruction of the state of israel by -- quote -- "wiping it" off the face of the earth cannot be allowed -- cannot be allowed to possess the means to achieve that goal. furthermore, we cannot abide

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:01:24 to 4:01:31( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: the risk, however small, that a nuclear iran may one day decide to share its nuclear technology and material with a client terrorist group like hamas or hezbollah. iran's nuclear program also poses

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:01:31 to 4:01:37( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: a genuine danger to the future of the nuclear nonproliferation treaty, called n.p.t. an agreement that has helped prevent the nightmare vision of president kennedy of a world with 20 nuclear powers from

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:01:37 to 4:01:43( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: coming to fruition. the n.p.t., that treaty is based upon a fundamental premise. a nonnuclear weapon state is entitled to a civilian nuclear program in exchange for committing to verification and inspections

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:01:43 to 4:01:49( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: to ensure that it does not produce nuclear weapons weapons. yet iran threatens to demonstrate a backdoor option for future nuclear aspirations. here's what it is. build a civilian program with a

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:01:49 to 4:01:54( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: complete nuclear fuel cycle in open view to acquire the basic knowledge to produce numberrier fissile material -- nuclear fissile material. after achieving that goal, a nation can then withdraw from the n.p.t.

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:01:54 to 4:02:01( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: and ute liegz the knowledge gained -- utilizing the knowledge gained from its civilian program build nuclear weapons. this so-called virtual nuclear weapon threatens to undermine the n.p.s. and lead

Robert P. Casey, Jr.

4:02:01 to 4:02:41( Edit History Discussion )

Robert P. Casey, Jr.: to a world where multiple states are poised on the thin line between civilian -- between a civilian nuclear program and a weapons program. for that reason, the international community must demonstrate a

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